Champagne
The most effervescent region of France
There is no other drink in the world that is associated with celebration, luxury and success as much as champagne. This is a noble drink of royal coronations and the monarchs, who traditionally ascended the French throne here, in the city of Reims.
Champagne is a combination of charming provincial simplicity and aristocratic nobility. As well as age-old traditions in refreshing sparkling wine in your glass on a thin stem.

In 1908, the boundaries of the Champagne wine zone were officially fixed and the production technology regulations were defined. Subsequently since in 1936 the Appellation of Controlled Origin - Champagne (L'appellation d'origine contrôlée - AOC Champagne) has been set.

Frequently copied name is now legally protected, thus only wine produced in the Champagne region and meeting all the requirements for the production technology can honourably bear the name of Champagne.
3 officially authorised varieties
Pinot noir, meunier and chardonnay are officially allowed for the production of champagne. White varieties as arban, petit mellier, pinot blanc and pinot gris cover less than 0.3% of all vineyards in Champagne
Birthplace of the French monarchy
Reims - the city where the French state system comes from, the Notre Dame Cathedral of Reims - the sacred venue of the royal coronations, the most "expensive" street with luxurious headquarters of world famous champagne houses
The feast is a celebration of taste
The pâté from Reims, bacon salad, Ardennes-style potato fricassee, melting-in-the-mouth pork legs from Saint-Meneu, stew with vegetables, sausages from Troyes and much more delicious specialities
Today the Champagne vineyards occupy 35,280 hectares and are divided into 4 sub-regions:
  • Montagne de Reims,
  • Vallée de la Marne,
  • Côte des Blancs,
  • Côte des Bar.

The microclimate and terroir of Champagne is unique: it is here that first-class pinot noir, amazing pinot meunier and sophisticated and refined chardonnay - three cepages, officially approved for the production of champagne - mature to be hand-picked carefully during the harvest period.

There are four more varieties that are very rare, nevertheless some winemakers tend to revise the forgotten traditions, using rare varieties to assemble rare cuvées.

Champagne making requires patience and is very time and money consuming: after all, all the grapes are harvested by hand, and even the basic brut has to be aged in cellars for at least 18 months. For vintages champagnes the term of aging prolongs till at least 3 years.

In 2015 world famous champagne houses in Reims and Epernay, interminable hills with straight rows of vineyards, small family wineries where traditions of champagne making are continuously transmitted from one generation to another and hundreds of kilometers of cellars, some of which are located in ancient Gallo-Roman quarries, were included by UNESCO in the list of world cultural heritage sites.
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