Since the 1930s, these areas of the "clima" have become the basis of the modern wine naming system and are one of the most important examples of wine culture based on terroirs.
The Burgundy relief is a series of hills that actually represent an earth' break up that exposes layers of different geological eras. The difference may be insignificant, but the vineyards of Burgundy (in particular, the variety Pinot Noir) will find it and express it. The differences can be really significant: with two neighboring cru Pinot Noir will providee different styles of wine. In Gevrey-Chambertin, the most "courageous" Pinot Noir, infallibly tanninous in his youth, elegant, complex and outlandish in maturity. It's berry palette thickens into a black plum, while animal and forest tones sound especially exciting and sharp. Going a little south, in the Morey-Saint-Denis, we meet the most tender, velvety and delicate Pinot Noir of Burgundy.
The most famous wineries in Burgundy are located in the center of the region with the areas of Côte de Beaune and Côte de Nuits. In addition to them there are slightly less famous ones, but no less great regions of Côte Chalonnaise and Macconais in southern Burgundy. And, of course, do not forget that at a distance of one hour from the city of Beaune, the region of Chablis with famous white wines is located. .